Most popular, China will promote open subsidies fo

2022-08-09
  • Detail

China will promote open subsidies for key agricultural machinery items to facilitate and benefit the people

China will promote open subsidies for key agricultural machinery items to facilitate and benefit the people

China Construction machinery information

in view of the prominent problems encountered in the current implementation of agricultural machinery purchase subsidies, the Ministry of agriculture and the Ministry of Finance organized in-depth research and widely solicited the opinions of farmers, enterprises, grass-roots cadres and agricultural machinery, finance and other departments at all levels. On the basis of summarizing the experience in recent years and the pilot work of agricultural machinery purchase subsidy operation innovation, the guiding opinions on the implementation of agricultural machinery purchase subsidy from 2015 to 2017 (hereinafter referred to as the opinions) was issued

in order to further explain the relevant situation of the subsidy policy for the purchase of agricultural machinery from 2015 to 2017, the relevant heads of the Ministry of agriculture and the Ministry of Finance recently explained the relevant issues in the form of questions and answers. The relevant person in charge said that through the implementation of the subsidy policy for the purchase of agricultural machinery, we should fully mobilize and protect farmers' enthusiasm for the purchase and use of agricultural machinery, promote the optimization of the structure of agricultural machinery and equipment, the improvement of agricultural mechanization operation capacity and level, promote the transformation of agricultural development mode, and effectively ensure the effective supply of major agricultural products

Q: compared with previous years, what are the new changes in the object of agricultural machinery purchase subsidies this year? What are the considerations behind this change

answer: the "opinions" has appropriately revised the subsidy object, that is, from the previous year's "subsidy objects are farmers, herdsmen, fishermen, farm (forest farm) workers, farmers' cooperatives and agricultural production and operation organizations engaged in agricultural machinery operations that are included in the scope of implementation and meet the subsidy conditions" to "individuals and agricultural production and operation organizations directly engaged in agricultural production". Among them, individuals include farmers, herdsmen, fishermen, farm (forest farm) workers, as well as other residents directly engaged in agricultural production; The definition of agricultural production and operation organizations can be connected with the agricultural law, including farmers' cooperatives, family farms, and agricultural enterprises directly engaged in agricultural production

the scope of subsidy objects should be adjusted appropriately, mainly considering that with the rapid advancement of urbanization and the accelerated pace of rural labor transfer, the main body engaged in agricultural production is not only farmers, herdsmen and fishermen, but also more and more agricultural production tasks are undertaken by new agricultural business entities such as cooperatives and agricultural enterprises; In addition, after the reform of the registered residence system, farmers are just a kind of occupation division, which is difficult to distinguish from residence and registered residence

each province should decide whether to expand the subsidy object to agricultural production enterprises according to the actual situation. We should conduct in-depth investigation and research, predict the risks that may be caused by agricultural enterprises after they are included in the subsidy object, make scientific decisions, further refine and define them, and specify them in the implementation plan or guiding opinions of the provincial agricultural machinery purchase subsidy

Q: is there any change in the scope of the types of machines and tools subsidized by the central government funds, and what is the basis for determination

answer: according to the principle of division of central and local powers, the central financial funds give priority to the items of machines and tools that can meet public needs and reflect the national strategic goals. From 2015 to 2017, the range of machines and tools subsidized by the central financial funds was reduced from 175 items in 2014 to 137 items; Cancel the self selected items, and some mechanical equipment required for the development of local characteristic agriculture and with strong applicability in small areas can be subsidized by local governments at all levels

the Ministry of agriculture and the Ministry of finance have mainly followed three principles when determining the scope of subsidized machines and tools: first, highlight the key points, in accordance with the objective requirements of "basic grain supply and absolute safety of rations", mainly subsidize the machines and tools required for the key links of major crop production such as grain, cotton, oil and sugar, and take into account the machines and tools required for the development of animal husbandry, fishery, facility agriculture, forestry and fruit industry and primary processing of agricultural products, Strive to use about 3 years to improve the whole process mechanization level of grain, cotton, oil, sugar and other major crops; Second, it mainly subsidizes farmers to purchase agricultural machinery with difficulties and high value; Third, it is convenient for supervision, and the scope of subsidies should be limited to machinery mainly used for agricultural production. Transmission system

all provinces should choose some of the 137 items as the subsidy scope of the central financial funds of the province according to the actual agricultural production of the province

Q: what is the difference between the qualification of subsidized products and that of previous years? How can we actively and steadily carry out the pilot reform of market-oriented subsidized products

A: from 2015, the qualification of subsidized products will no longer be linked to the catalogue of agricultural machinery products supported and promoted by the state and the province. However, subsidized products should have two qualifications: first, subsidized machines and tools must be products produced within the territory of the people's Republic of China; Second, in addition to the new product subsidy pilot, the subsidized machines and tools should be products that have obtained the ministerial or provincial effective promotion appraisal certificate. At the same time, it is clear that agricultural machinery products that are disqualified from subsidies or do not meet the production license management and compulsory certification management shall not enjoy subsidies

this year, some provinces with enthusiasm, relatively mature ideas and strong organizational ability will continue to be selected to carry out the pilot reform of subsidized products in the market, that is, within the scope of subsidized machines and tools, except for agricultural machinery products that are clearly disqualified or do not meet the production license management and compulsory certification management, agricultural machinery products purchased by qualified buyers can apply for subsidies

Q: why should we vigorously promote open subsidies for key items

answer: since 2011, the Ministry of agriculture and the Ministry of finance have advocated that machines and tools in the key and weak links of agricultural mechanization production should be supplemented to meet the needs of all farmers who apply for purchase. In 2014, 21 provinces across the country determined the scope of subsidies for agricultural machinery urgently needed for agricultural production, and implemented open subsidies for some or all items. Among them, Jiangsu Province has opened subsidies to all 50 items within the scope of subsidies, and the subsidy funds are covered by the provincial finance; Jilin issued the implementation plan of agricultural machinery purchase subsidies in the name of the provincial government, reducing the scope of subsidies to 35 items, focusing on subsidies for machines and tools required for the mechanization of the whole process of grain production

from the perspective of practice, the implementation of open subsidies and generalized preferences for key items can, on the one hand, concentrate funds to supplement key items, improve the whole process mechanization of major crop production, enhance the production capacity of major agricultural products in China, and ensure supply safety. On the other hand, it can simplify the procedures, reduce the approval links such as determining the subsidy object, prevent power rent-seeking, and facilitate the supervision and prevention of integrity risks

in 2015, major grain producing provinces (regions) are required to choose some or all of the machines and tools urgently needed in the key links of grain production, including subsoilers, no till planters, rice transplanters, motorized spray dusters, power (spray bar, air driven) spray, self-propelled crawler grain combine harvesters (full feed), half feed combine harvesters, corn harvesters, potato harvesters, straw crushing and returning machines Grain dryer, large and medium-sized wheeled tractor, etc. Major cotton, oil and sugar producing provinces (regions) should open subsidies to the items of machinery and tools that completely disappear in two to three years, such as cotton harvesters, sugarcane planters, sugarcane harvesters, rapeseed harvesters, peanut harvesters, etc

in addition, provinces with conditions are encouraged to focus on the leading industries, select the items of machines and tools, and try to fully open them according to the principle of matching the scale of subsidy funds with the purchase demand. Its strange performance has changed everyone's understanding of these products, and strive to concentrate funds, focus on key points, coordinate and promote the development of mechanization in a planned and phased manner

Q: what are the new changes in the subsidy standard

answer: the subsidy funds for the purchase of agricultural machinery from the central government will continue to implement quota subsidies, that is, agricultural machinery of the same type and grade will be subject to unified subsidy standards within the province in principle, and differential treatment of similar products produced by enterprises inside and outside the province is not allowed

in order to effectively solve the mechanization of some key links, the single machine subsidy limit of some machines and tools has been appropriately increased. For example, the large sugarcane harvester has been increased from 250000 yuan to 400000 yuan, and the large cotton picker has been increased from 400000 yuan to 600000 yuan. On this basis, we will actively explore and carry out pilot projects for financial leasing of large agricultural machinery. However, this is the maximum amount of subsidy. The specific amount of subsidy will be determined by the competent agricultural mechanization departments of each province in combination with the market price of local agricultural machinery products. In principle, it will not exceed 30% of the average sales price of the product in the previous year, and will be responsible for determining the subsidy amount of agricultural machinery products in this province on the basis of considering the maximum amount of subsidy, the universality of policies, the efficiency of fund use and other factors

in order to prevent the gap of subsidy amount between regions from being too large, the provision that the calculation proportion of subsidy amount in key schistosomiasis control areas and areas seriously affected by the earthquake is not more than 50% is cancelled (if otherwise stipulated by the State Council, relevant provisions shall prevail)

Q: what are the new changes in the management of production and distribution enterprises of agricultural machinery purchase subsidies

answer: in the management of the production and marketing enterprises of agricultural machinery purchase subsidy products, the principle of "simplifying administration, delegating power and combining decentralization" is fully reflected. There are mainly three new measures:

first, in order to avoid the illusion that the administrative department reviews and approves the subsidy dealers, in addition to continuing to implement the policy that the distribution enterprises of subsidized products are independently determined by the agricultural machinery production enterprises, it also stipulates that the distribution enterprises of subsidized products are announced to the society by the agricultural machinery production enterprises, However, the provincial department in charge of agricultural mechanization should publish the list of distribution enterprises and individuals that have been blacklisted in a timely manner

second, in order to further strengthen fair competition and the implementation of policy norms in terms of electrical conductivity, subsidy objects can choose to purchase machines from subsidized product dealers (no longer specified in the province), or through enterprise direct sales and other means; In principle, the subsidy object should go through all subsidy procedures with the competent department determined by the local government, and gradually decouple the implementation and operation process of the subsidy policy from the distribution enterprises of agricultural machinery products, with a transition period of 3 years

third, it further clarified the relevant and obligations. The buyer and the agricultural machinery production and marketing enterprise shall be legally responsible for the authenticity of the application materials and purchased machinery and tools submitted by them respectively; The product subsidy qualification of agricultural machinery production and distribution enterprises or the qualification of distributing subsidized products are suspended or cancelled, and the disputes and economic losses caused by them shall be borne by the illegal agricultural machinery production or distribution enterprises themselves

Q: how to further strengthen the supervision of the implementation of agricultural machinery purchase subsidy policy

answer: the opinions requires the competent departments of agricultural mechanization at all levels to mobilize all sectors of society to participate in the supervision and management of subsidy policies on the basis of routine supervision and inspection, make up for some deficiencies existing only by their own management power, and focus on the investigation and handling of complaints reported by the masses

first, the competent agricultural mechanization departments at the provincial, prefectural and county levels should focus on the investigation and verification of specific complaints with clues, such as centralized complaints, inadequate "Three Guarantees" services, unfair competition, irregular factory numbers and nameplates, failure to use auxiliary management systems as required, false publicity, reduced configuration, shoddy goods, deception and compensation

second, for production and distribution enterprises that violate the relevant provisions of the agricultural machinery purchase subsidy policy, the local and County-Level Agricultural Mechanization authorities should, depending on the investigation, take measures such as interview and warning, rectification within a time limit, and report the relevant situation and further handling suggestions to the provincial agricultural mechanization authorities

third, according to the investigation and the suggestions of the local and County-Level Agricultural Mechanization departments, the provincial agricultural mechanization departments can take measures such as interview and warning, rectification within a time limit, suspension of subsidies, cancellation of subsidy qualifications and blacklisting. The handling situation should be announced to the public in a timely manner, and copied to the industrial and commercial, quality supervision, public security and other departments as the case may be. At the same time, the suspension or cancellation of subsidy qualification should be handled in a timely manner

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI