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Logistics industry informatization review and future hot spot analysis

compared with other industries, logistics informatization started late, but developed rapidly, giving people the feeling of getting better. Reviewing the progress in logistics informatization in recent years, people are impressed by at least the following seven aspects

improvement of basic environment and platform

first, the basic environment of logistics informatization has been significantly improved. Represented by the article "opinions on promoting the development of China's modern logistics industry" of nine ministries and commissions, governments at all levels have included logistics informatization as an infrastructure into their planning. In the national medium and long-term science and technology planning and research, informatization and standardization are listed as the two most important key technologies of logistics science and technology

second, the construction of logistics public information platform has made new progress. For example, the Ministry of transport has made new progress in the construction of three major platforms: Joint charging, safety monitoring (construction quality and safety monitoring and water transportation safety monitoring), and public information services. Among the 10 intelligent transportation system demonstration cities determined by the Ministry of science and technology during the Tenth Five Year Plan period, almost all of them regard the research and development of 2. Ball screw: the screws currently used by the tensile testing machine, including ball screw and trapezoidal screw transportation integrated information platform, as an important part of the demonstration project. At present, each city has made some progress, and some cities have begun to enter the implementation stage

in addition to the construction and application of e-government platforms involving competent departments such as customs clearance, taxation, transportation and bonded supervision in logistics, there have been some cross departmental cooperation, such as the cooperation between the Ministry of Commerce and the E-government platforms of customs and banks, and the gradual transition of enterprise security certificates related to domestic and foreign trade business to the unified identity authentication system of e-ports, and the establishment of "one card" and integrated service system

the development and construction of the "airport logistics supervision information platform" of the new Baiyun Airport is an information platform for cooperation between the customs and the new airport. The information platform is based on the manifest data, and integrates the checkpoint management system, warehousing management system, express clearance system, electronic weighbridge, etc. with the communication relationship. In addition, there are many application cases in technical services, such as data exchange platform, gps/gis, information system using communication network for positioning/tracking, etc

third, the integration technology of information system has attracted attention. Due to the large-scale and intensive trend of enterprises, logistics enterprises strive to expand their scale and develop their own network system by means of cooperation, acquisition, merger and so on. At the same time, they are also adjusting and upgrading their own information system. Therefore, a relatively common demand arises, that is, the integration of the original information system. Some information system suppliers have realized that logistics information systems need to try their best to be based on standardized structure and standardized basic function modularization, so as to reduce the development cost of construction and automobile industry. Therefore, the scheme of structure standardization, basic function modularization and distribution, taking into account the needs of centralized management, has gradually become the mainstream

fourth, the new technology represented by RFID shows strong impact. Since this year, RFID may be a recognized technology hotspot at home and abroad. In particular, strong enterprises such as Wal-Mart and Metro require their suppliers to use RFID from 2005, which makes the application prospect of this technology attract much attention. China has also had successful application cases such as the automated warehouse management system of Haier Group and the vehicle dispatching system of the Ministry of railways, but as far as the country is concerned, the lack of successful application cases is still the primary factor affecting the promotion of this technology

fifth, the application and development of supply chain management information system is faster than expected. When we collected logistics informatization application cases two years ago, a statistic showed that the information system that strictly implemented the food safety law in supply chain management at that time did not exceed 5%. Now it seems that the proportion may be significantly increased. The supply chain management system has two obvious characteristics: first, it has a wider business scope, including not only logistics, but also business flow and even capital flow. The service content is expanded according to the requirements of customers, and the personalized characteristics are more prominent; Second, the information system is required to be more open, which should be connected and integrated with the customer's system to achieve business collaboration

leading enterprises in various industries in China, such as Xinhua Pharmaceutical, Guangdong Midea, Jiangsu Chunlan, Shanghai Tobacco Group, Youngor Group, have implemented SCM management applications. Among them, Galanz established a supply chain management system based on the integration of distribution channels to further improve the market response speed, accurately predict customer demand, scientifically arrange production and marketing plans, speed up inventory turnover and avoid stagnant inventory. Shandong Luneng Fanmao logistics company has successfully established a supply chain in the field of coal, from the excavation and transportation of coal to the recycling and utilization of coal cinders and the deep burial of waste, from the purchase logistics of coal mines to the distribution logistics, realizing the integrated information management

sixth, the development of e-government and tensile strength, as well as compressive strength and bending strength, has begun to play a role in promoting logistics information. Since this year, public services and government regulation have become the focus of e-government. The opening of the combined toll collection of Beijing Shenyang Expressway has realized the transformation of expressway from segmented construction and segmented management to comprehensive management and networking management, and provided experience for exploring and improving the expressway management system and new operation mode; With the "green channel" customs clearance information system established in Jiangsu Province, high-tech enterprises can enjoy six conveniences for export, such as early customs declaration, joint customs declaration, rapid customs transfer, door-to-door inspection and release, expedited customs clearance and guarantee inspection and release. In addition, the accumulation of these data is also conducive to the construction of social integrity system

seventh, the competition among logistics system suppliers is intensifying, and the profit model is not yet mature. Famous logistics system suppliers at home and abroad began to pay attention to the domestic medium and low-end market, such as Oracle, sap and other companies have launched simplified versions of logistics or supply chain management software systems to enter the medium and low-end market; In addition, new IT companies continue to enter the domestic logistics market, such as American Kirin Yuanchuang, China Aerospace Corporation, etc. But on the other hand, many logistics system suppliers lost money or even went bankrupt and withdrew from the market. Even profitable enterprises are also exploring how big the logistics informatization market is? What is the profit model? A number of enterprises have begun to change from simple information system suppliers to participate in the operation of logistics business and become service providers

five hot spots on the road to the future

the above are some courses of the development of logistics informatization. Looking forward to the future development of logistics informatization, the following aspects of development may be hot spots worthy of attention:

first, RFID technology may make breakthroughs in the application of some local and regional systems. Application is the driving force to promote the development of this technology, including the construction of relevant standardization system, which should also be gradually mature in application. What is more noteworthy is the revolutionary changes brought by RFID technology to business model and logistics process

second, system integration technology is more concerned. It includes not only the overall design and modeling methods of the system, but also the increasingly mature development tools and operation platforms of the system. Platformization and the structure of basic functional standard parts have increasingly become the inevitable choice of management software

third, the combination of informatization and standardization is closer. Standardization will enter the basic structure, basic function modules, documents processed by the information system and related logistics terms, etc. in addition, it will also involve the standards of information technology and equipment

fourth, the application of business intelligence (BI) technology has started. Some enterprises with experience in data accumulation and information management have begun to further improve their management and decision-making level, dig deeper into data and seek rules. At present, there are two types of methodologies that can be expected: data-based identification method modeling and experience-based a priori method modeling

fifth, the profit model of logistics information technology suppliers may change significantly. Traditional information system suppliers will change their role from manufacturers selling products to service providers to help customers use information technology to obtain benefits. In the market competition, common and basic services will be integrated and tend to be standardized and scaled. At the same time, small and medium-sized suppliers will seek development in the direction of ten market segments and specialization. Market competition will bring better technology and services to customers. (end)

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